POSTED BY January 21, 2008 COMMENTS (23)ON
Do you know about the types of mutual funds you are going to invest in?
Lot of people are unaware about these different types of mutual funds even though they invest in it on a regular basis. Every mutual fund investor either he is beginner or regular must know about the categories in which mutual funds are classified in order to generate a good return.
In this article I will tell you 10 different categories of mutual funds which will be helpful for you to improve your investment portfolio.
You must be aware about what are mutual funds. If not the click here to read the basics of mutual funds.
Mutual fund is the advance tool of investment which has a large number of investors. These funds are classified into different categories based on the goal of investors.
Let’s see the categories of mutual funds.
Mutual funds are categorized on the basis of its objectives, style and strategy. Investing in Mutual Funds only is not enough to get good returns. You should know about the types of mutual funds and then invest in different funds by deciding your goal.
The different types of mutual funds are enlisted below:
Watch this video to know more about the types of mutual funds:
These are those mutual funds which invests across all sectors and diversify their portfolio. They invest in large companies to small companies. Which results in wide diversification. It helps in spreading risk across all sector and return potential is very good.
These are special category of mutual funds which are tax saving funds called ELSS (Equity Linked Saving Schemes). These have a lock in period of 3 years. They are Diversified mutual funds in nature.
These are the funds which put money in Equity and Debt in some balanced proportion. Balanced does not mean 50:50 , it may happen that they put money in ratio of 70:30 or 60:20 or may be 80:20 … but the ideal ratio would be 50:50. It depends on market conditions.
In a very fast booming market, a fund with 7:30 mat be a balanced one. And in a bearish market a combination of 50:50 may be considered are an aggressive fund. These funds have low risk and low return capacity in comparison with normal equity funds.
These are Funds which invests all its money in companies of a particular sector or a bunch of sectors related to each others. The reason for this is high faith in the sector for growth and return potential because of which these funds are very risky and have high return potential.
For example: Reliance Diversified Power Fund .
These funds are those funds which invest there money in Mid cap Stocks or small Cap stocks … Mid cap and Small Cap companies are companies categorised by there market capitalization.
Mid cap and Small Cap stocks are more riskier as they are small compared to large Cap stocks because of size and reachability in market. They also have huge potential for growth so they can give superb returns too. For eg:
“Sanghvi Movers” gave a return of around 4500% in 5 years from 1992 – 1997. An investment of Rs 1 Lac was worth Rs 45 lacs in just 5 years.
In the same period “Jindal Power and Steel” gave return of 20000% . So investment of Rs 50,000 was worth Rs 1 crore in just 5 years.
Index Funds are mutual funds which mirrors a particular mutual fund. They Put there money in the companies which are part of that index and in same proportion as per the weightage of the company in that index. For Eg:
Franklin India Index Fund which tracks S&P CNX Nifty Fund will invest in companies in that fund in the same ratio as their weights. Suppose following is the weightage table for index:
Then the fund will also invest in these companies stocks in same proportion. The NAV’s of these mutual funds increase or decrease in the same way as the index. if index will grow by 2.4% then NAV will also increase by 2.4% .
ETFs are just like Index funds with some differences, ETFs are a mix of a stock and a MF in the sense that
These are mutual funds which invests in other mutual funds. They put money in different mutual funds in some proportion depending on their goals and objectives.
Debt funds are mutual funds which have their major holdings in secure and fixed income instruments like Fixed deposits , bonds . They also put a small proportion in Equity (High risk , high returns). These are secure in nature and provide low returns.
Liquid funds are used primarily as an alternative to short-term fix deposits. They invest with minimal risk (like money market funds).
Most funds have a lock-in period of a maximum of three days to protect against procedural (primarily banking) glitches, and offer redemption proceeds within 24 hours. Liquid funds score over short term fix deposits.
I hope you have became aware of all these types of mutual funds and now you can improve your investment by considering the funds according to your goal of investment.
If you have any doubt you can leave your query in the comment section.