Are you going to apply for home loan in near future? If Yes, then this article is written exactly for you, because I am going to share with you a checklist which you should follow to make sure that your loan application process is smooth and also to increase the chances of your loan application getting approved.
We all take various kind of loans these days, be it home loan, car loan, personal loans or even credit cards. I will show you some very important checklists which if you follow; you will save yourself from various issues faced by other loan seekers.
Note that while this article is primarily written with home loan in mind, but the checklists discussed will also apply for any kind of loan.
Checklist #1 – Check your CIBIL report/Score in advance
Don’t underestimate the role of credit reports/score in loan approval process these days. The first thing the lender looks at is your credit score/report when you apply for any kind of loan (even credit card).
The moment you enquire for loan with a lender, they check your report from CIBIL or any other credit bureau like Equifax or Experian and based on the remarks on your report and your score, they either reject your loan application or forward your case for further checks.
There are many real life cases, where a person applied for a loan, and found out that it got rejected because of this credit report is messed up. It might be due to a credit card settlement he did few years back or because he was not able to make timely payments on his past loans.
Imagine a person who has already paid the booking amount for a car or a house and then he is stuck because he/she can’t get the loan approved. That’s not a situation; you would like to get into!
CIBIL score of 750+ is a good score
How much CIBIL score can be considered good enough to get any kind of loan? Well, there is no guarantee that you will get a loan just because your credit report is high, but as per CIBIL, out of every 100 people who got a loan approved, 79 people had a score of more than 750.
Which means that if your score if more than 750 out of 900, there is a good chance that your loan will be approved, provided there are no bad remarks on your report and other things like income proofs are in place.
Apply for your CIBIL report in advance
So when should you apply for a CIBIL report?
I think it should do it much before you apply for a loan. I suggest at least 6 months in advance, because if there is some issue in the report, you get enough time to rectify that mistake.
There are many cases, where a person applied for a home loan after paying the down payment money, and their home loan is not approved because of cibil related issues. Now they are stuck as they are not getting back their down payment money back and their application is also not getting approved.
They run around to fix their issues or try to improve their cibil score, but now it’s very late, because it takes many months to follow up with CIBIL or Banks involved. Last minutes fixes does not work, that’s the reason this check needs to be done well in advance.
Checklist #2 – Make a simple Cash flow statement
If you are applying for a big loan like a home loan or a car loan, then it’s very important to understand where you stand financially. You should have very clear idea about the maximum down payment you will be able to make (and you should also try for that) and what is the realistic EMI you can pay each month.
As our wealth is scattered across various financial products like saving bank account, fixed deposits, mutual funds etc, it’s important to note it down in an excel sheet to get better clarity.
You should also list down the income and expenses details, so that you can get an idea about how much you save each month. Your surplus each month is very important criteria used in calculating your loan eligibility by the lender.
Below is a sample working of cash flow in an excel sheet, which gives the good enough indication of the down payment amount and the potential EMI a person can afford.
It should not happen that you applied a loan much beyond your capacity and then on the last minute you are wondering from where you will arrange for extra money. It can be very frustrating situation, where you are stuck in a deal and you are not able to figure out how to arrange for the money.
Checklist #3 – Increase your home loan eligibility
When most of the buy a house, they wonder how big house they will be able to afford? Just because they have high salary, they think that they will get a big loan, which most of the times is true, if you don’t have any existing loans.
But then a lot of people have several small loans running like a personal loan or a bike loan or any other consumer loans, and these small loans come in the way of your loan eligibility because they show up in your “pending loans” or “Existing EMI” list.
So one the actions you should take is to close off any small loans you have, because they will increase your “surplus” as the EMI will get stopped, and also you will have one less commitment to take care of and lender likes that.
Below are some handy tips if you want to increase your home loan eligibility.
Let’s see an Example
Suppose, your per month income is Rs 1 lacs and you have a bike loan (or personal loan) currently running with Rs 8,000 EMI per month with 10 more installments to go. Now with this profile you are eligible for Rs 43 lacs of home loan.
How can you increase your home loan eligibility in this case? You can prepay your entire bike loan as it’s a small loan if you look at the outstanding amount; you can dig into your other savings and pay it off. This will surely reduce your savings a bit, but increase your loan eligibility by another 8-9 lacs because now you have another Rs 8,000 surplus each month.
See the home loan calculator snapshot below which shows you this.
Even your CIBIL report will also show that you have successfully completed and paid off a loan provided you do this few months in advance before you apply for home loan.
Close you credit card outstanding also
You should also consider to pay off your entire credit card outstanding bills. May people keep rolling their credit card debt by paying the minimum dues, but that’s not a good thing if you want to get some loan in coming future.
If you are looking for home loan, then go to this home loan eligibility calculator, enter your details and our trusted partner will help you in securing the best home loan. You also transfer your home loan by applying here
Also decide if you want to apply for a joint home loan
One way of increasing your home loan eligibility is to add your spouse or any other earning member from your family as a co-borrower of the property. This is one factor you should consider, if the spouse is already an earning member. Even if it’s not significant amount, still mentioning that they bring in some small income helps your loan application, as it adds to the “stability” factor.
Checklist #4 – Arrange all documents required for home loan
Some background preparations on the documentation front, can help you save last minute hassles and running around. I have often seen many people running around, for ITR proofs and other documents because they didn’t plan well in advance. Below are various documents which might be required for your home loan documentation purpose.
It’s a good idea to prepare a file and arrange all these documents well in advance. These documents are keeping in mind a salaried resident Indian.
KYC related Documents
- 2-3 Passport Size photos of applicant and co-applicant
- Identity proof like PAN or Voter ID card, Passport, Aadhar card
- Address proof like Electricity bill, Telephone bill, Employer Certificate, Aadhaar Card
Income & Employment Related Documents
- Past 3 months salary slips
- 3 yrs ITR (Income tax Returns)
- Latest 6 months bank statement attested by the bank in original
- Latest Form 16 for 2/3 yrs
- Proofs of all savings like FD’s, mutual funds, gold etc (for down payment)
- All ongoing loan account statement for past 6-12 months
- Relieving/Experience letter of previous company if current employment is less than 2 yrs old
Property Related Documents
- Original copy for Sale Deed or Agreement to Sale
- 7/12 extract
- Commencement Certificate
- NA certificate
- Search and Title Report
- Building Completion Certificate (if available)
- Latest Tax receipts
- Development Agreement
Below is a video from IREF, where a guy (seems to be from a bank) is explaining the home loan process and overall documentation requirement. It’s a 7-8 min video in Hindi, kindly view the full video to understand why some document is needed.
Extra documents for self-employed and business professionals
In case you are not a salaried person, then some documents will be different in that case, which are as follows
- 3 yrs ITR, along with profit and loss statements certified by a CA
- Your bank account statement for last 1 yr
- Shop Act License
- Partnership deed or Company related documents
- Brief write-up about your business and nature of work/revenue
This commonfloor article mentions even detailed list of documents
Some Important points to remember before applying for home loan
- Incase you are planning to quit your job or planning to change the job, it’s better to first apply for home loan and then quit/change, otherwise it will get very tough to get home loan later.
- If you are sure of getting an increment very soon or your pay rise is on the cards, then wait a bit and apply for the home loan later as it will increase your home loan eligibility
I hope this article gives a clear direction and action checklist to someone who is looking forward for a home loan or any other loan. Please share any other critical checklist which I have missed out. Also I request other members to share their experience when they applied for a home loan.