This article will talk about 5 things every portfolio must have and we will see that it should be good for almost every type of investor . We will try to judge it over the important parameters discussed in my one of the earlier Article : Pillars of Success
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The Five most important and must have things each and every portfolio must have are :
1. Life Insurance
Each and every person who has financial dependents must have a good Life cover through Term Insurance. This must be taken at an early stage of life for the longest term possible.
For India :
- Aegon Religare Life Insurance
- SBI Life Insurance
- Max New York Life Insurance
- LIC (Jeevan Amulya)
For Other countries :
Please search for your respective countries and find out which term insurance is the best one.
Read an excellent article on Term Insurance and its Importance
Read an article on how to calculate your Insurance Requirement
2. Health Insurance
This is extremely important now a days, because of rising health-care expenses. A Family must be covered with a Family Floater plan for a good amount (Rs 5 lacs/$10,000) depending on your budget .
Read in detail about Health Insurance
Each and every portfolio much have debt exposure and PPF (for India) is an excellent investment product for anyone, backed by government , its 100% safe and one of the most efficient and tax efficient products available , with post-tax returns of 8% , its a must have in each portfolio .
Click here to Read more about PPF and EPF
4. SIP in Mutual Funds (for long term)
For long term investments, its hard to beat this . For long term investments Equity must be the route and for systematic and disciplined investing , SIP is the best way to channelize your money . Considering the undebatable growth for Indian economy , no can afford to miss Equities for long term investments.
Read All about SIP
How to create Long term Wealth
5. Contingent Fund (Cash + Liquid Funds)
Each and every portfolio must have good amount of cash and liquidity to meet unforeseen and emergency expenses. Other wise you will have to liquidate and break you investment products which may attract penalites and may not give you enough cash at the time of requirement which can create problem .
Better to have money equivalent to 3-4 months of expenses in contingent fund . You can also put 1-2 months expenses as Cash and rest into Liquid funds which may also provide you some returns .
Understand that these 5 things are a list of things one would have for sure , but its not an exhaustive list . Depending on your profile and requirements you should have other products as well. but i would say this will solve 90% of the problem . Let looks how a portfolio consisting of this 5 things passes on 4 parameters called Pillars of Success ?
1. Capital Appreciation : ****
With SIP in mutual funds and PPF , the capital appreciation should happen to a great extent , PPF would provide stability and assurity or returns , where as Equity will gives exceptional returns .
2. Liquidity : *****
We have already covered that Contingent fund should be able to provide good Liquidity.
3. Risk Management : *****
Term Insurance and Health Insurance will take good care . SIP will take care of the market volatility. some other techniques like Hedging using Derivatives and being well informed will manage extra level of risk .
4. Goal Oriented : *****
Each and every product is for a specific and important goal , as described above .
For Non-Indian Readers
Hi all , the article is specifically with Indian context , but article is helpful for each of you , please find the similar products in your country .
Each and every portfolio can be different and should match the requirement of the investor , But these 5 things are such that it can be for any kind of investor . Just like we have master key for any kind of lock , we have these products for any kind of investor .