POSTED BY May 24, 2018 COMMENTS (11)ON
Do you know anything about gratuity? It is one of the components of your salaried income which you will get at the time of your retirement. A lot of people are not even aware of the term gratuity and tax exemption on this amount.
In this article, I’m going to tell you what is a gratuity, how it is calculated and how much tax exemption you can get on this amount.
Recently limit of gratuity payment has been increased from Rs.10 lac to Rs.20 lac. This hike is a kind of good news for employees who are working in the non-government sector for more than 5 years in the same company.
First of all, let me tell you what is a gratuity.
Gratuity is the reward given in the form of money by an employer to his employee for being loyal to the company and completing 5 or more than 5 years of service in the same company.
Various countries have different gratuity limit. In India, this limit was Rs.10 Lac earlier but after implementation of the 7th pay increment of salary this limit has been increased from Rs.10 lac to Rs.20 lac.
Mode of Gratuity payment:
Just like your provident fund gratuity is also paid totally by the employer only. It depends on the employer’s decision that either he will pay you this amount or he may take a group gratuity plan with an insurance company. The employee can also contribute to his gratuity if it is paid through insurance company whereas it is not mandatory.
Once you complete 5 years of your service, gratuity will be calculated for 15 days per year of your employment. The total working days considered are 26. It will calculated the number of years of your employment.
While considering years of service if the time period is more than 6 months then it will be considered as 1 year. For example, if your service period is 5 years and 7 months then for gratuity calculation it will be taken as 6 years.
Below are the terms taken into consideration while calculating gratuity:
The formula for calculating gratuity is given below.
Let’s take an example of gratuity calculation.
Suppose you are working with a company from the last 5 years and 7 months and your salary is Rs.50,000 including DA. Then your Gratuity will be –
Gratuity is a kind of superannuation. When a person completes 5 or more years of his service in the same company then he is eligible to get gratuity.
The criteria for gratuity payment is given below.
The criteria of completing 5 years of employment will be relaxed in case of death or permanent disability caused due to an accident. In this case, the employer will pay gratuity for 15/26 days of every completed year of service.
The gratuity act was originally passed in 1972. This act covers all the workers or employee’s in various companies, factories, mines, etc. As per this act, all the companies who have at least 10 employee’s have to pay gratuity.
If a company has 10 employee’s though for a single day in a period of 12 months then the company is eligible for paying gratuity.
There are 3 criteria’s for an employee to become eligible for Gratuity which is as:
Whereas as per the rule under section 4(2), 5 years doesn’t mean 365 days/ year. As per this rule, an employee who satisfies the criteria given below is eligible for Gratuity, the criteria are as –
This rule is will not be applicable if the employee dies or becomes disable while he is still working. In that case, the company will provide Gratuity to such employee or the nominee.
In the current situation all the government employee has a tax benefit on their gratuity. There will be no tax on the amount received as gratuity for government employees for state government, central government or a local authority.
For non-government i.e. private sector or public sector employee’s tax exemption is depending upon either the employer company is covered under gratuity act or not.
When a person is working in a private sector and his employer company is covered under gratuity act then he can get tax exemption on his half months salary i.e 15 days salary of every year of his employment.
When your employer company is not covered under the gratuity act then you can get tax exemption on any one of the three options given below. Whichever is less will be considered for exemption –
Hike in gratuity limit is more beneficiary for employee’s working in private or public sectors. In any case, government employees are getting tax exemption on the entire amount of gratuity payment.Let’s see the difference in tax exemption after this hike in the gratuity limit.
I hope you got an idea of calculating gratuity and tax exemption on it. If you have any query let us know by leaving your reply in the comment section.
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