POSTED BY May 24, 2018 COMMENTS (11)ON
Do you know anything about gratuity? It is one of the component of your salaried income which you will get at the time of your retirement. A lot of people are not even aware of the term gratuity and tax exemption on this amount.
In this article i’m going to tell you what is gratuity, how it is calculated and how much tax exemption you can get on this amount.
Recently limit of gratuity payment has been increased from Rs.10 lac to Rs.20 lac. This hike is a kind of good news for employee’s who are working in non-government sector for more than 5 years in the same company.
First of all let me tell you what is gratuity.
Gratuity is the reward given in the form of money by an employer to his employee for being loyal with the company and completing 5 or more than 5 years of service in the same company.
Various countries have different gratuity limit. In India this limit was Rs.10 Lac earlier but after implementation of 7th pay increment of salary this limit has been increased from Rs.10 lac to Rs.20 lac.
Mode of Gratuity payment:
Just like your provident fund gratuity is also paid totally by the employer only. It depends on employers decision that either he will pay you this amount or he may take a group gratuity plan with an insurance company. Employee can also contribute for his gratuity if it is paid through insurance company whereas it is not mandatory.
Once you complete 5 years of your service, gratuity will be calculated for 15 days per year of your employment. Total working days considered are 26. It will calculated for the number of years of your employment.
While considering years of service if the time period is more that 6 moths then it will be considered as 1 year. For example if your service period is 5 years and 7 months then for gratuity calculation it will be taken as 6 years.
Below are the terms taken into consideration while calculating gratuity:
Formula for calculating gratuity is given below.
Let’s take an example of gratuity calculation.
Suppose you are working with a company from last 5 years and 7 months and your salary is Rs.50,000 including DA. Then your Gratuity will be –
Gratuity is a kind of superannuation. When a person completes 5 or more years of his service in the same company then he is eligible to get gratuity.
The criteria for gratuity payment is given below.
The criteria of completing 5 years of employment will be relaxed in case of death or permanent disability caused due due to accident. In this case employer will pay gratuity for 15/26 days of every completed year of service.
Gratuity act was originally passed in 1972. This act covers all the workers or employee’s in various companies, factories, mines etc. As per this act all the companies who has at least 10 employee’s has to pay gratuity.
If company has 10 employee’s though for a single day in a period of 12 months then the company is eligible for paying gratuity.
There are 3 criteria’s for for an employee to become eligible for Gratuity which are as:
Where as as per the rule under section 4(2), 5 years doesn’t mean 365 days/ year. As per this rule an employee who satisfies the criteria given below is eligible for Gratuity, the criteria is as –
This rule is will not be applicable if the employee dies or becomes disable while he is still working. In that case company will provide Gratuity to such employee or the nominee.
In current situation all the government employee’s have a tax benefit on their gratuity. There will be no tax on the amount received as gratuity for government employee’s for state government, central government or a local authority.
For non-government i.e. private sector or public sector employee’s tax exemption is depending upon either the employer company is covered under gratuity act or not.
When a person is working in a private sector and his employer company is covered under gratuity act then he can get tax exemption on his half months salary i.e 15 days salary of every year of his employment.
When your employer company is not covered under gratuity act then your can get tax exemption on any one of the three options given below. Whichever is less will be considered for exemption –
Hike in gratuity limit is more beneficiary for employee’s working in private or public sectors. In any case government employee’s are getting tax exemption on the entire amount of gratuity payment.
Let’s see the difference in tax exemption after this hike in gratuity limit.
I hope you got an idea of calculating gratuity and tax exemption on it. If you have any query let us know by leaving your reply in comment section.