5 Major Changes in Budget 2020 (NRI Taxation Myths + New vs Old Slab)

POSTED BY Jagoinvestor ON February 3, 2020 COMMENTS (53)

Budget 2020 was a big event.

For last so many days before the budget, there was this noise and expectations around raising 80C limits, change in tax slabs, and reversal of Long term capital gains tax on equity or at least giving the benefit of Indexation in equity taxation.

However, nothing like that happened.

budget 2020 highlights

Infact, things have become more complicated for investors while I think the govt intention was to make it simple. So let me jot down all the relevant points and important news items.

 

1. New Tax Slabs vs Old Tax Slabs

A new (and optional) tax slab is introduced now which has lower tax rates compared to old one. The investor will have choice of either staying with the old slabs along with various exemptions and deductions they used to enjoy, or they can shift to new slabs without any exemptions/deductions.

New Income tax slab rates

Tax Slab

Tax Rate

Below 2.5 Lacs No Tax
2.5 Lacs- 5.0 Lacs 5%
5.0 Lacs- 7.5 Lacs 10%
7.5 Lacs – 10.0 Lacs 15%
10.0 Lacs – 12.5 Lacs 20%
12.5 Lacs – 15.0 Lacs 25%
Above 15 Lacs 30%
  • Education cess @4% on the tax amount
  • Surcharge of 10% applicable if income > 50 Lacs and 15% if income > 1 Cr

Old Income tax slab rates (for those below 60 yrs.)

Tax Slab

Tax Rate

Below 2.5 Lacs No Tax
2.5 Lacs- 5.0 Lacs 5%
5.0 Lacs- 10 Lacs 20%
Above 10 Lacs 30%

Which tax slab is better?

Basically the new tax slabs are of not much to those who take benefit of various deductions and benefits anyways, because they are able to bring down their taxable income by some decent margin. Only those who have income range of 6-9 lacs and do not take benefit of any exemption/deduction will benefit from the new slabs.

Example 1 – Let’s see an example here and calculate the tax to be paid under old and new system.

  • Income : Rs 15,00,000
  • 80C – Rs 1,50,000
  • Home Loan Interest – Rs 2,00,000
  • Medical Insurance – Rs 20,000
  • Standard Deduction – Rs 50,000

Calculation of Tax under OLD SLABS

You can see that here, the taxable income will come down by 4.2 lacs directly. So under the old slab system, the taxable income will be Rs 10.8 Lacs (15 lacs – 4.2 lacs)

Let’s see tax calculations

Slab Slab Higher Amount Income Tax Rate Taxable Income under Slab Tax
0 – 2.5 Lacs 250000 0% 250000 0
2.5 – 5 lacs 500000 5% 250000 12500
5 – 10 Lacs 1000000 20% 500000 100000
Above 10 lacs No Limit 30% 80000 24000
Income Tax 136500
Education Cess @4% 5460
Surcharge 0
Total Tax 141960
Calculation of Tax under NEW SLABS

In new slab, there is no way of getting any deductions/benefits , so let’s directly jump into the tax calculations

Slab Slab Higher Amount Income Tax Rate Taxable Income under Slab Tax
0 – 2.5 lacs 250000 0% 250000 0
2.5 – 5 lacs 500000 5% 250000 12500
5 – 7.5 Lacs 750000 10% 250000 25000
7.5 – 10 lacs 1000000 15% 250000 37500
10 – 12.5 Lacs 1250000 20% 250000 50000
12.5 – 15 Lacs 1500000 25% 250000 62500
Above 15 lacs No Limit 30% 0 0
Income Tax 187500
Education Cess @4% 7500
Surcharge 0
Total Tax 195000

Which tax system is better – Old or New?

  • Old slab tax is Rs. 1,41,960
  • New slab tax is Rs. 1,95,000
  • Difference of Rs. 53,040

We can clearly see that the tax is lesser in the older system, compared to the newer system.

Important Points

  • You can choose each year which tax system you want to choose from – New vs Old. However this choice is only those, who do not have a BUSINESS INCOME. For those who have any kind of business income, will not be able to switch back to the other system once they have done it.
  • Remember, that there is a tax rebate under sec 87A in both new and old tax slabs where a person earning up to Rs 5 lacs gets a tax rebate of Rs 12,500, which technically means that if someone’s taxable income is less than 5 lacs, then they will have to not pay any tax.

2. No Deductions or Exemptions under New Tax Regime

I have already mentioned this, but if one chooses the new tax regime, they will not be able to take benefit of following things

  • 80C investments (PPF, ELSS, EPF, Life Insurance Premium)
  • Medical Insurance Premium
  • Home Loan Interest
  • HRA
  • LTA
  • Standard Deduction of Rs 50,000
  • Extra 50,000 deduction for NPS (apart from 80C limit)
  • Donations under 80G
  • Education Loan Interest

Note that you can still put your money in all those 80C investment products and medical insurance etc., but you will not be able to take tax benefits (not for those who stick with old system)

However, the employer contribution to NPS and EPF is still tax free up to 7.5 lacs per year. So you can ask your employer to contribute more on your behalf in these two things.

3. NRI definition change + Taxation Rule

There was too much confusion around new rules for NRI’s for the whole day and twitter saw many people debating if many NRI’s especially from Middle east will have to pay taxes in India or not.

Here is what the new rule says –

“If a person is not resident of any country, then they are deemed to be a resident of India and they will be taxed on their global income”

Check out the official confirmation here

There are a lot of citizens of India, who stay in different countries for small period of time and technically are not resident of any country and hence don’t pay any taxes. Those investors will not have to pay the TAX in India for their global income.

This is different than those investors who are living in countries like UAE etc. where there is ZERO tax. Because they are a “tax resident” of these countries. They are just not paying tax because the law is like that. So these kinds of investors don’t have to worry at all, and nothing changes for them. Check out the video clarification from officials

Now as per the new rule, a person has to stay out of India for more than 240 days to qualify as an NRI, against the old limit of 182 days.

4. Dividends will be taxable in the hands of investors

The DDT (dividend distribution tax) is now abolished and the dividends will now be taxed in the hands of investors as per their slab rates.

Till now the DDT rates for companies was 20.35%. So every investor who got any kind of dividend took that kind of hit indirectly (even thought it was tax free in investors hands).

This is not great news for those who are in higher tax bracket, because they will pay higher tax now compared to what they paid earlier and now there will be additional headache to track and mention all dividend income while filing tax returns.

There will be TDS @10% deducted by mutual funds, if the dividend to be given is more than Rs 5,000 in a financial year to an investor.

Important Update : There was a big confusion around investors and advisors community that TDS of 10% will also be applicable on redemption from mutual funds or not? But the govt has already clarified that the TDS is only applicable on mutual funds dividend and nothing else. Any redemptions you do from mutual funds, that will not attract any TDS for residents (for NRI’s , the TDS is already there since long time)

Clarification from govt that TDS will only apply on TDS from mutual funds and not on capital gains

5. Banks Deposit Insurance raised from 1 lacs to Rs 5 lacs

The insurance on your bank deposits have gone up from Rs 1 lacs to Rs 5 lacs. This was much needed change and finally it’s done. Recently we saw the problems in PMC bank (the bank is not yet closed or shut, hence the insurance will still not apply there)

Bank deposit insurance in India vs other countries

Conclusion

As govt said, they want to simplify taxation rules in long run and I feel over next 5-6 yrs, they will slowly try to remove the old system of deductions and exemptions with lesser tax rates coming in.

However I feel, most of the investors needs that carrot of “tax saving” for investments otherwise they don’t do it.

While, its correct that one should invest anyways whether there is tax benefit or not, but when you go to ground level and see, the reality is that people need that nudge to invest. We need to trick them for their own benefit, else they will not think of investments.

From that point, it might be a bad news.

Also, for some years, we will see this confusion of old vs new tax rules and which one should we be choosing, but this can’t continue forever and eventually we will have a single tax system and you guess it right, it will be the new one.

Let me know what are your comments on this budget and how do you see it?

53 replies on this article “5 Major Changes in Budget 2020 (NRI Taxation Myths + New vs Old Slab)”

  1. ashok says:

    is the nps of 50000 not admissble under newrax rule

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      Through Employer YES.. but from employee side, NO

  2. Chakri says:

    DDT is slightly confusing. can we get to see an illustration (comparing old and new) for both MF and direct equity’s dividend?

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      Hi Chakri

      Whenever we do … right now cant create it on demand.. I would invite you to give an attempt to try it out and share with all of us !

      Manish

  3. Diginfo says:

    good to know that government has minimized the load from middle class family, but government miss the chance to create a world history. lets see what we will can get on 2021.

  4. SUNIL MAKHECHA says:

    VERY INFORMATIVE ARTICLE IN LUCID LANGUAGE, MANY MANY THANKS

    1. Anuradha Singh says:

      Welcome

  5. Sekaran says:

    Dear Sir
    What about Senior citizens?
    If Govt thinks that the seniors will make investments in MFs and Stocks it would be day dreaming.For them assured returns is a must, With the likely limitations on number of houses per capita it would be highly unthinkable if they would quit the POSB and NBFCs.

  6. Prasad says:

    Very informative article. Can you throw some light on seafarer sailing on foreign vessels?

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      Hi Prasad

      Sadly, they will now be treated as RESIDENTS and will have to pay tax from next year onwards!

      Manish

        1. Jagoinvestor says:

          In that case I was wrong .. If govt has clarified then that’s the final word. Great then, no tax for merchant navy people

          Manish

  7. sachin says:

    What is standard deduction?
    I think NPS contribution iof 50 K stays in New option also
    Ur contradicting in the NRI taxation. You are saying both things that they will be taxed and also they will not be taxed

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      Sachin

      Standard deduction of 50k is there which a person can straight away deduct from income to arrive. WIth new slabs its not available

      For NRI, PLease point out which line you feel is contradictory. A section of NRI who are not resident of any other country in a financial year will now be paying taxes in India as they will be considered resident of India. What is confusion here?

      Manish

      1. sachin says:

        “If a person is not resident of any country, then they are deemed to be a resident of India and they will be taxed on their global income”

        vs
        There are a lot of citizens of India, who stay in different countries for small period of time and technically are not resident of any country and hence don’t pay any taxes. Those investors will not have to pay the TAX in India for their global income.

  8. GAURAV JOSHI says:

    Very informative Article for NRI. But still some confusion remains regarding 240 days provision, Is it applicable for UAE based salaried workers? IF YES.. Then what about oil rig workers and marine based workers hence they have rotational job of 1 month on duty / 1 month off due like ONGC in India due to health issue?
    kindly clarify.

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      Gaurav

      People in Navy merchant and similar kind will now have to pay tax in India. Here is the simple point, if a person is not a RESIDENT of any other country for tax purposes, then they will be considered resident of India for tax purpose and will pay the tax on global income!

      Manish

  9. Pranav Kondejkar says:

    The 80 CCD exemption for NPS will continue with new regime

  10. Bhanu Prasad says:

    Thanks for the excellent article and providing valuable information.
    What about 80U deduction, is it still valid in new tax slabs without any exemptions?

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      I don’t think its removed. Its not in the wordings ..

      Any deduction under chapter VIA (like section 80C, 80CCC, 80CCD, 80D, 80DD, 80DDB, 80E, 80EE, 80EEA, 80EEB, 80G, 80GG, 80GGA, 80GGC, 80IA, 80-IAB, 80-IAC, 80-IB, 80-IBA, etc). However, deduction under sub-section (2) of section 80CCD (employer contribution on account of employee in notified pension scheme) and section 80JJAA (for new employment) can be claimed.

  11. ANIMESH MISRA says:

    Is professional tax exempted in the new tax regime?

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      I don’t think .. Have you read anything like that?

  12. Amit says:

    My question is regarding – employer contribution towards EPF and NPS are tax free upto 7.5 lakh?. Can you clarify whether limit of 7.5 is individual investment or together. Means if sum of both contribution is more than 7.5, then it will be taxable or EPF more than 7.5 and NPS more than 7.5 will be taxable?

      1. Aditya says:

        There was some confusion about the interest from the EPF contribution being clubbed in this 7.5 lakh limit. has this been clarified?

        1. Jagoinvestor says:

          I am not aware of this. Please give details

  13. BK DUREJA says:

    Excellent article. Makes it simple to grasp the change of tax structure by common man, especially with the example calculations. Keep it up ..!!

  14. rahul says:

    Thanx for such a informative article..keep posting.

  15. Santosh Barnwal says:

    Thanks for sharing this wonderful article. Could you please also clarify if the reimbursements that some companies give like Car fuel and maintenance, Telephone expense and sodexo food coupons will also be considered taxable under the new tax regime.

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      I saw somewhere that Sodexo coupons would get taxable under new regime, but no clarity on other things.. So I think it will also apply for other things as well. But I am still not clear on that!

  16. Kiritkumar says:

    Government employee get salary, like wise pensioners get pension, are getting benefit of Standard deductions.
    Will this deduction be continue under new tax slab?
    Besides this some of public undertaking companies have issued tax free bonds. Will the interest earned from tax free bonds be exempted from taxable income?

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      I think tax free bonds interest will still be tax free.

      Other govt benefits like pension will continue to get exemptions.. I need to check the exact wordings to confirm but !

      Manish

  17. Niyaz says:

    Could you clarify reg citizens living in the Middle East?So, they do not have to pay tax in India? I ask because the video wasn’t making the point clear.

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      Hi Niyaz, as I said, if someone is tax resident of middle east (even if tax rate is ZERO), then they will not pay tax in India, because they are not resident of India as per NRI definition

      Manish

  18. Max says:

    Not everyone has Home loan, It will also be good if you can provide an example with HRA component.

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      Due to lack of space, we cant add all kind of examples, hence we have not done it.. But the fact remains the same. If you are using some HRA + 80C , you are better in the old system

      Manish

  19. Anand says:

    As always thank you for the excellent explaination.

    One more point if I understand Budget2020 correctly is about from now on MutualFund income will have 10% standard TDS like Bank FD’s.

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      That’s till getting debated .. Some people say that only dividend income will be under TDS, rest all will not be ..

      So its still now clear. We will get clarity in next few days !

      Manish

  20. P jha says:

    Article says TDs on MF dividend only . I presume tds is applicable on dividend on shares also

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      No, as per the budget, its only applicable on mutual funds dividend

      1. Bikash Baid says:

        As per the press release by CBDT on 4.02.2020 says ” ……Company/Mutual Funds…”
        which clearly means its not only MF but dividends from Companies as well

        1. Jagoinvestor says:

          Yes, look like .. before this, people were thinking its only on MF

  21. P jha says:

    Will interest on PPF or tax free bond be taxable under new tax rates ?

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      No, its still tax free

  22. Sirish Renukumar says:

    Even if the government does away with all exemptions/deductions and have a single tax regime, it is important that health insurance must atleast be exempted. In the absence of a comprehensive health insurance plan backed by the government, incentivising people who take health insurance should hopefully continue

    1. Jagoinvestor says:

      Yea , I agree to some point on this. We need to increase the health insurance penetration and it would be a good idea to incentivize investors to buy health insurance.

      Manish

    2. Sanjeev Nanda says:

      Good point Sirish!

  23. Urvish Jani says:

    Very Informative Article. Explained all the points with very simple and understandable words and clear examples! Great job! (y)

    1. Anuradha Singh says:

      Thank You Urvish
      Anuradha

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