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What is FMP (Fixed Maturity Plans)

by Manish Chauhan · 21 comments


FMPs, are the equivalent of a fixed deposit in a bank, with a little difference. The FMP’s returns are only indicated and not ‘guaranteed’, Since the fund house knows the interest rate that it will earn on its investments, it can provide ‘indicative returns’ to investors.FMPs are debt schemes, where the corpus is invested in fixed-income securities.

Where do FMP’s invest ?

FMPs usually invest in certificate of deposits (CDs), commercial papers (CPs), money market instruments, corporate bonds and sometimes even in bank fixed deposits. Depending on the tenure of the FMP, the fund manager invests in a combination of the above-mentioned instruments of similar maturity. Say if the FMP is for a year, then the fund manager invests in paper maturing in one year.

The expense ratio, generally varies from 0.25 to 1 per cent.

Tenure of FMPs

The tenure can be of different maturities, from one month to three years. They are closed-ended in nature, which means that once the NFO (new fund offer) closes, the scheme cannot accept any further investment.

These FMP NFOs are generally open for 2 to 3 days and are marketed to corporates and well-heeled, high net-worth individuals. Nevertheless, the minimum investment is usually Rs 5,000 and so a retail investor can comfortably invest too.

Actual return Vs Indicated Return

The actual return can vary slightly, if at all, from the indicated return. Against that, a bank fixed deposit exactly prints the amount which is due to you on maturity on the FD receipt. However, FMPs do earn better returns than fixed deposits of similar tenure.

Have a look at the list of closed ended FMP’s , and there returns : http://www.personalfn.com/research-it/mutual-funds/fundarena/SchTypNat.asp

Tax Implication

Dividend : Tax-free in the hands of the individual investor.

Investment in growth option of the FMP for less than a year : The gains are added to the investor’s income and taxed at the investor’s slab rate.

Investment in the growth option of the FMP for over a year : Either 10% capital gains tax without indexation or 20% with indexation.

What is indexation benefit?

The finance minister has been generous enough to recognise that inflation erodes the real value of any investment. So every year, he comes out with an inflation index based on the prevailing rate of inflation. The cost of investment is indexed by multiplying the index of the year of maturity and divided by the inflation index prevailing on the year of investment. If you have arrived at an indexed cost, then the long-term capital gain is taxed at 22.44 per cent and if you do not opt for the indexed cost, then the tax is 11.22 per cent.

To understand more on indexation, Read this

Conclusion

FMP’s are investment options for sure if you want to park your money for short term. They are more tax efficient and give better post-tax returns. Though returns are not 100% guaranteed , they are almost risk free (remember almost) .

If they really give better than returns then FD’s and practically as safe as FD’s why don’t people invest in these ?

Ans : No awareness among people and they less risk taking attitude

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{ 21 comments… read them below or add one }

1 Balbir September 28, 2010 at 10:56 pm

Hi Manish,

As you mentioned “If you have arrived at an indexed cost, then the long-term capital gain is taxed at 22.44 per cent and if you do not opt for the indexed cost, then the tax is 11.22 per cent. ”

Can you please give one example that how 22.33% with indexation would be better in long term instead of 11.22% without indexation.

Thanks in advance,
Balbir

Reply

2 Manish Chauhan September 29, 2010 at 2:53 am

Balbir

Lets take an example of a person who bought a flat in 2005 at Rs 40 lacs and the prices went to 50 lacs in 2007 , then Rs 60 lacs in 2008 and then crashed in real estate downturn and finall was Rs 50 lacs in 2009 , the person needed money and sold his flat at 50 lacs . So buy price 40 lacs in 2005-2006 (CPI=497) and sell price Rs 2008-2009 (CPI=582 )

Indexed Cost price = 50 lacs * 582/497 = 5855130
Sell price = 60 lacs

Tax @22.33% if indexation = 22.33% of (60,00,000 – 58,55,130) = 32,349
Tax @11.22% without indexation = 11.22% of (60 lacs – 50 lacs) = 1.12 lacs

Manish

Reply

3 Abhigyan January 21, 2011 at 12:33 pm

Hi Manish,
Please give some scheme names which provide FMPs.

Abhigyan

Reply

4 Manish Chauhan January 21, 2011 at 1:11 pm

Abhigyan

FMP’s are themselves schemes ! . you can search value research to get FMP names : http://www.valueresearchonline.com/funds/h2_typecomp.asp?mode=performancelong&Type=1&objective=7

Manish

Reply

5 rohit August 2, 2011 at 1:16 pm

hi manish
from where retail investor get FMP, are banks also providing ? which bank and how do we know that nfo fmp is open when?

Reply

6 Manish Chauhan August 4, 2011 at 2:30 pm

FMP are same as mutual funfds ,you get it from agents , demat account or directly from AMC

Reply

7 Subash Chandra Das May 29, 2012 at 9:10 am

Very informative and useful for Income Tax payers.

Reply

8 Manish Chauhan May 29, 2012 at 10:16 am

Thanks

Reply

9 Indu February 6, 2013 at 4:29 pm

Hello Manish,
Could you pls tell me which is a better instrument for investment… a corporate bond or an FMP?
Also in case of corporate bonds.. which is better – one bought in the secondary market or one bought when issued.
Thanks.

Reply

10 Manish Chauhan February 6, 2013 at 4:43 pm

It will depend on your situation .. what are your goals ?

Reply

11 Indu February 6, 2013 at 5:22 pm

By goals you mean?
I am looking for a long term safe instrument for savings that would yield a better return than an FD.

Reply

12 Manish Chauhan February 6, 2013 at 5:38 pm

Then go for PPF ..

Reply

13 Indu February 6, 2013 at 5:59 pm

If you dont mind could you please explain the reasons behind this suggestion.

Reply

14 pckanal February 11, 2014 at 11:20 am

for last few years, rules were amended whereby entire amount upto Rs. Oone Lac (Savings permitted U/S 80 C ) can be invested in PPF as against earlier provision of Rs.70,000/-.
Could you please clarify whether interest on enhanced amount of RRs.30,000/- (under revised rules) is also Tax Free ?

Reply

15 Manish Chauhan February 14, 2014 at 5:03 pm

Yes

Reply

16 Chandresh July 26, 2013 at 10:37 am

Dear sir,

I am new in FMP. Is it possible if i have invested 5000/- and fund manager faces loss in investment then will I get my same invested amount(5000/-) or less amount (< 5000/-) on maturity.

Please replay!!!

Reply

17 Manish Chauhan July 29, 2013 at 5:48 pm

That shows you do not understand mutual funds. Its a risky investment, you will get whatever is market value !

Reply

18 uma August 2, 2013 at 4:24 pm

Thanks for a valuable information regarding indexation.

Reply

19 Manish Chauhan August 5, 2013 at 12:15 pm

Welcome

Reply

20 Nikhil September 21, 2013 at 1:01 pm

How to invest in FMP ?? After maturity investor has to go to AMC for redemption?? whats is the procedure of redemption??

Reply

21 Manish Chauhan September 25, 2013 at 1:59 pm

When you fill up the form , there will be the details about redemption. And anywyas you need Demat account for that

Reply

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